Thursday, November 13, 2008

Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French artist (he became an American citizen in 1955) whose work and ideas had considerable influence on the development of post-World War II Western art, and whose advice to modern art collectors helped shape the tastes of the Western art world.

Thousands of books and articles attempt to interpret Duchamp's artwork and philosophy, but in interviews and his writing, Duchamp only added to the mystery. The interpretations interested him as creations of their own, and as reflections of the interpreter.

A playful man, Duchamp prodded thought about artistic processes and art marketing, not so much with words, but with actions such as dubbing a urinal "art" and naming it Fountain. He produced relatively few artworks as he quickly moved through the avant-garde rhythms of his time.

++ Artwork (Selected)
* 'Portrait of Chess Players' (1911)
* 'Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2' (1912)
* Readymades : including 'Fountain' (1917)
* 'The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even' (Often called The Large Glass). (1915-1923)
* 'The Green Box. Notes and studies for The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even' (1915-1923)
* Rotoreliefs
* 'Anémic Cinéma' Film (1926)
* 'Being Given: 1 The Waterfall, 2. The Illuminating Gas' (1946-1966)

Duchamp

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